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 The fundamental gravitino and its physical dark world

 Chapter 7


- The macro pressure effect of light matter FG

 7.1 The ¡°droplet effect¡± under the pressure of cosmic dark matter FG

      I have shown that the ¡°FG¡± itself is elementary gravitational particle. If the ¡°light matter FG media¡± composes 95 % of the total cosmic mass, and since the gravitational force is a long range one that has the property of superposition, and the neighboring ¡°FG¡± particle cannot be combined into a larger particle by universal gravity. Yet, the cloud of droplets of the light matter can be produced due to the total pressure effect of cosmic dark matter or the ¡°FG media¡± (just like a liquid droplet in the saturate that is produced by surrounding vapour). In the following we will discuss the mechanism of strong interaction.

7.2 The concept of ¡°basic body of particle¡± (in short ¡°B body) and the researching scheme.

      In fact, I am addressing an interesting problem about the nature and the mechanism of strong interaction. In the first chapter I have verified that every elementary particle is composed of the light matter ¡°FG¡±, but have not resolved its formation mechanism and explained the reason why the elementary particle can reunite ¡°FG¡± of light state. In this respect, a particle seems like a ¡°micro black hole¡± but certainly it is not a real black hole at all and it is more difficulty to research a micro than a macro black hole. In spite of this, I will spare no effort to deal with this task, because it is concerned with the most important subjects in physics at present. Some of these are listed below.

*        The component of cosmic matter and its nature

*        The essence and character of the motion of substance that relate to light, electric and magnetic fields.

*        The essential mechanism of strong interaction

*        The universal model of the composition of elementary particles


These tasks are preceded according to following scheme

a) Assuming that the mass of the light matter holds 95% of the cosmic mass, and to evaluate its pressure with respect to the center of the universe, which is produced by gravity. To compare it with the already known strength of strong interaction, which is assumed to be a given figure, quantitatively as experimental evidence and to examine the hypothesis.

b). To study the math-physical model of forming particles and examining whether this does or does not agree with the experiment on the nature of elementary particles.

For the scheme above I have studied for more than 30 years and have published a treatise at 1996, and presented my findings to a conference in China in the same year.

Because my thesis emphasizes the calculations and deduction of other theories my theory and thesis are very full. In order to present it to as wide an audience as possible it has been deleted and condensed, as it was too difficulty for many people to understand all of my ideas and mathematical methods. In this paper we will elucidate in a more popular and detail language.

In fact, the problem is rather simple. There are mature theories and methods for dealing with such a problem. It is very similar to the calculation of atmosphere pressure above the earth, the only difference being that we study the whole of the universe, all of the cosmic ¡°FG ether¡±, which, as mentioned above, constitutes 95% of the total cosmic mass. We can calculate the pressure at the center of the universe, by means of the gravitational superposition of the ¡°FG ether

7.3. Strong interaction and the macro effect of dark matter

The mathematical problem and the calculation of the strength of the ¡°strong interaction¡±

The mathematical method is to take a differential volume at the center of the universe. It is a vacuum with respect to ¡°FG¡±. The calculation of the pressure acted by ¡°FG ether¡± on the volume is a generalized integral, the upper limit of which must extend to infinity (its radius of the universe actually). The integral constant is determined by the boundary condition. Combining the above method with a reasonable approximation we can simplify the calculation to get the correct result.

    Following are the details about Strong Interaction and The Macro Effect of the ¡°FG ether¡±.

 `           In the previous section I approached how the elementary particle consisted of FG. The essence is to study the mechanism of strong interaction and of the basic body of particles (in short B body in the following text), which is stable when existing in the microscopic world. The preliminary research shows that strong interaction results from the global effect of cosmic light matter.

      Assuming a region with radius r set in the vacuum state of ¡°FG ether¡±. We can calculate the pressure of the external ¡°FG ether¡±. Let the ¡°FG¡± at r apart from the center of sphere exert a force F,

            F  = F1 + F2                         (7.1)




Where Aw is the cross section of FG; F2 is the gravity of interior mass M1 exert on the FG at the surface of sphere and F1 the ether pressure of FG. In the following we use notation T¡¯ as the average kinetic energy corresponding to the temperature T; use notation R as universal constant; notation N is Avergadro¡¯s constant; notation D0 is average mass density in the sphere with radius r; notation rs is the radius of the relativistic universe; notation rB is the radius of the ¡° B body¡±.

      Assuming the state equation of gas and Pascal pressure principle are approximately valid, considering






 Deriving equation (7.1) reduce to






     From the boundary condition




 We get




If we take rB = 1.4 x 1024 m (LKM unit), the mass of the universe Mu = 1052 kg, RF= 1.38x 10-23 J/K. Further more by mathematical consideration








The solution is


      It satisfies the requirement of the strength of the strong interaction.

      From the result of these calculations, the basis for confirming is reasonable. According to the similar treatment of the pressure of the earth¡¯s atmosphere in the classical physical theory, the gravitational mass could be viewed as concentrated at gravitational center. The resulting formula is consistent with this practice. The strength is Mu order greater than the gravitational force between particles. If Mu takes as much as the total mass of the universe, it will be the same order of measuring the value in strong interaction experiments.